Hammer toes and clawtoes
This denotes a misalignment of the toes, with a bend in the middle joint and alternating positions in the first and final joints. The pressure of the bone under the skin causes the formation of painful calluses and sporadically inflamed bursae over the affected joints. Hammer toes are often combined with a misalignment of the big toe. In surgical therapy, the alignment is corrected by blocking the middle joint of the affected toe. The alignment is stabilised by wire over the course of 6 weeks, after which the wire is removed without causing pain. Depending on the type of misalignment (clawtoe), a correction to the first of final joint may be necessary. Following this, it is possible to walk normally and with complete mobility.